In 2018, the United States launched a trade war with China, marking an abrupt departure from its historical leadership in integrating global markets. By late 2019, the United States had imposed tariffs on roughly $350 billion of Chinese imports, and China had retaliated on $100 billion of US exports. Economists have used a diversity of data and methods to assess the impacts of the trade war on the United States, China, and other countries. This article reviews what we have learned to date from this work.


Fajgelbaum, Pablo and Amit Khandelwal. 2022. "The Economic Impacts of the US-China Trade War." Annual Review of Economics 14. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-economics-051420-110410.