Morning Session - Inequality and Income Support
- Date and Time: Friday November 5, 2021 10:00 - 11:45 AM EST
- Registration: Zoom registration is required in advance
The first study discussed in the morning analyze one of the most significant federal policies in reducing the historical and persistent racial earnings gap in the U.S. The authors find that the 1967 extension of the minimum wage to sectors where black workers are overrepresented can explain more than 20% of the reduction in the racial earnings and income gap during the civil rights era. The second study in the morning compares support for the welfare state between the U.S. and Europe. In the US, racial conflict hindered the creation of a universal welfare state. In Europe, racial diversity became salient after the creation of a universal welfare state. What are the implications of these foundations for support for redistribution as the demographics of society change?
Discussants: Andria Smythe and Ceren Baysan
Afternoon Session: Affirmative Action and Resource Allocation
- Date and Time: Friday November 5, 1:30 PM – 3:15 PM EST
- Registration: Zoom registration required in advance
The first study in the afternoon discusses the design of affirmative action policies. The authors challenge the popular discourse that merit based allocations are optimized with color-blind selection and awarding those with the highest test scores. The second paper challenges the common approach of setting quotas to solve one dimension of political exclusion (e.g. based on gender or caste). The authors find one-dimensional quotas magnify social barriers to interactions and increase inter-group conflict. In comparison, two-dimensional quotas consistently improve relations and diminish conflict.
Discussants: Gerald Jaynes and Charity Moore